AYURVEDA FOR HEALTHY LIFE
- AYURVEDA FOR HEALTHY LIFE
- It is a universally accepted fact that good health plays an important role in human development, day to day life and every aspect of life you can think of. According to the concepts of Ayurveda, good health is based on the equilibrium of dosha (humor), agni (digestive fire), dhatu (seven body tissues: lymph, blood, muscle, adipose tissue, bone, bone marrow, semen), and mala (feces, urine, and other waste products).
- Furthermore, in Ayurveda there is clear-cut emphasis on maintaining physical, mental, and spiritual well-being as part of good health. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines good health as a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely an absence of disease or infirmity, which is close to the definition of good health mentioned in Ayurvedic books like ‘Charak Samhita’ and others.
- Ayurveda, Siddha, and Unani are the three important traditional systems practiced in India. Ayurveda is the oldest and the most widely practiced system among the three. It takes into consideration all aspects of health including mental, physical, and social components. Ayurveda, the Indian System of Medicine (ISM), may be the least well known of the complete systems of medicine, despite being one of the oldest.
- According to the definition used by World Health Organization (WHO), and other organizations, Ayurveda qualifies as a complementary and alternative medicine. In Ayurveda, health is defined as the state where physical body, senses, and psyche are in original or natural state with respect to body and function. Although the genetic makeup of an individual determines the basic body constitution with respect to dosas (biomaterials) and psychological factors, total health is determined by physical and psychological environment.
- It is currently believed that the expression of genes largely depends on environmental factors. Consistent with this belief, Ayurveda emphasizes the role of environmental factors, daily routine, seasonal changes, lifestyle, diet, regular exercise, and body tonics (rasayana) in maintaining health. It also emphasizes that all needs of the body and senses must be in balance in order to avoid illness and maintain good health — a scientifically valid concept.
- The human body according to Ayurveda is made up of somatic dosas (vata, pitta, and kapha) and psychic components (dosas), body tissues (dhatus), and waste products (malas). The three psychological components are satogun, rajogun, and tamogun.
- A close interdependence among the somatic and psychological elements exists; if one component is out of balance, the others are also out of balance. The imbalance or vitiation of vata, pitta, or kapha is considered the major factor in the causation of a disease. Certain techniques used as therapies in this system of medicine have been used by us but not practiced as a whole system. For example, yoga, oil massages, meditation practices, and body cleansing (both internal and external) are used frequently in the modern era as part of health-promoting behaviors.